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Information on Eczema (Dermatitis). Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Cure.
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What Is Eczema?
Eczema (dermatitis) is a condition in which the skin becomes irritated, red, itchy, and dry and occasionally results in small, fluid-filled bumps that become moist and ooze. The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis and is most often seen in infants and teens. The word “atopic” describes conditions that occur when someone is overly sensitive to allergens in their environments. These may include pollens, molds, dust, deodorants, animal danger and certain foods. “Dermatitis” means that the skin is inflamed, red or sore.
Causes of Eczema
There are many forms of eczema. Doctors don’t know what exactly causes it, but they believe it is caused by a difference in the way a person’s immune system reacts to things. It is also thought to be a hereditary condition, being genetically linked. Patients with atopic eczema are sensitive to allergens in the environments which are harmless to others. They experience excessive reactions by the immune system producing inflamed, irritated and sore skin.
Symptoms may vary from person to person, but you might notice you are prone to getting itchy rashes in places like where your elbow bends; on the back of the knees, ankles, and wrists; and on the face, neck, and upper chest. Eczema may appear on any part of the body.
Although eczema may look different from person to person, it is most often characterized by red, dry, itchy patches on the skin. Eczema is sometimes referred to as “the itch that rashes” in that the itch, when scratched, results in the appearance of the rash. What causes the itch? Irritants or triggers can cause the skin to become inflamed and itch.
Common triggers include:
There is no cure for eczema, but outbreaks can usually be avoided with some simple precautions. Avoid the specific triggers listed above and follow these tips:
The easiest and most effective eczema remedy is simply removing whatever is causing the reaction. It might be as simple as changing your laundry detergent, staying away from certain foods, or wearing looser clothes. More difficult strategies might include moving to a new climate, changing jobs, or getting rid of the family pet.
Visit your doctor or a dermatologist. They will do a physical examination and ask about any concerns or symptoms you might have. They will take a medical history of you and your family’s health and ask what current medications you are on, or what allergies you might have. Once your doctor has diagnosed the condition, they will recommend what kind of treatment should follow. Dermatitis (eczema) treatment may vary depending on the appearance or stage of the lesions. Your doctor might recommend an external eczema cream or ointment that contains corticosteroids to help control the itching, internal eczema medications such as antihistamines, or in severe cases, ultraviolet light therapy, coal tar, and chemotherapy agents.
There is no cure for atomic eczema dermatitis, but there are many ways to minimize the discomfort and distress it can bring. And the good news is if you have eczema, it will usually go away before the age of 25.
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The information published on this web site is for entertainment purposes only and is in no way intended to dispense medical opinion or advice or to be a substitute for professional medical care, whether advice, diagnosis or treatment, by a medical practitioner. If you feel ill or have a medical issue, you should consult a health care professional.